Type 2 Diabetes: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention

Diabetes is prevalent these days. The situation is that the elders and the young and children also suffer from diabetes these days. This is such a dangerous disease that it gradually makes the body empty. Once this disease occurs, it will accompany you for life. This disease occurs due to increased blood sugar and insulin not working correctly. In other words, you also have to face many kinds of problems. If ignored, other parts of the body can become inactive.

Type 2 diabetes

The pancreas makes enough insulin, but there is a problem with binding or signalling insulin receptors inside the target cell. Cells do not respond to insulin and therefore cannot enter glucose; glucose stays in the blood. In other words, people with type 2 diabetes are “insulin resistant”. Again, genetic factors lead to susceptibility to disease, but lifestyle is thought to play a significant role in type 2. Usually, obesity, inactive lifestyle and diet Unhealthy diet is associated with risk. Higher in type 2 diabetes. Type 2 is characterized by adult-onset; Symptoms typically come on gradually and begin after age 30. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 80-90% of all diabetes patients. 

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

In type 2 diabetes, many people do not feel any symptoms, while some signs are ignored as signs of old age. That’s why type 2 diabetes is often detected only during testing for another disease. People with type 2 diabetes usually experience the following symptoms:

  • Feeling of tiredness and lethargy
  • Always hungry
  • Feeling excessively thirsty
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Skin infection
  • Blurred vision
  • Lose weight for no reason
  • Headache
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Leg cramps
  • Itching around the genitals
  • Cuts or wounds on the skin take longer to heal
  • Itchy
  • To be irritable
  • Frequent mood changes
  • Black spots on the skin, some people with type 2 diabetes develop black spots on their thighs and neck.

When to see a doctor?

If someone in your family has diabetes and you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Why does type 2 diabetes occur?

In the body of a healthy person, the pancreas makes insulin, with the help of which the body stores and uses the sugar obtained from food.

The following conditions often cause type 2 diabetes:

  • When the pancreas stops making insulin.
  • When the pancreas makes a tiny amount of insulin, the body does not have enough insulin as needed. In such a situation, instead of going to the cells, sugar starts accumulating in the blood.
  • When the body does not respond appropriately to insulin, this condition is called “insulin resistance”.
  • When glucose accumulates in the blood instead of going to the cells, it causes damage to many body parts. When cells do not get the insulin they need, they cannot function properly.

When does the risk of getting type 2 diabetes increase?

Some factors increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, such as:

  • Ages:

Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you age, usually after the age of 45. This is because, after this age, people often reduce exercise, etc., due to which the muscles start weakening, and the weight starts increasing. But type 2 diabetes can occur in young people, adolescents and even children.

  • Weight:

Weight gain is the main risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The fatter your tissues are, the more insulin resistant your cells become. 

However, it is not necessary that only being obese leads to type 2 diabetes.

  • Family Problem:

If one of your parents or siblings has type 2 diabetes, you are also at increased risk of developing the disease.

  • Belly fat accumulation:

If your body fat is being stored more in your abdomen than in your hips or thighs, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases.

  • Lack of movement in the body:

The less physically active you are, the higher your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps the body use glucose as energy, making your cells sensitive to insulin. By doing physical activity, your body weight also remains normal.

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in women increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

How to prevent type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented with the help of some of the following measures:

  • Understand its causes, risk factors, and understand its severity. 
  • Continue to see a doctor for regular check-ups:
  • As you get older, you should make it a habit to regularly check your blood sugar, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.
  • Do not drink sweets:
  • Drink plain water instead of sugary drinks.
  • Keep your body weight normal:

(More than normal body fat, especially if there is fat in the abdomen, increases the resistance (resistance) to the hormone insulin.)

  • Do not eat outside food:

(Do not eat or at least eat fast food, junk food and cooked food outside.)

  • Do not drink alcohol:

(Excessive drinking leads to weight gain and can also increase your blood pressure.)

  • Exercise regularly:

(Regular exercise is very important to prevent type 2 diabetes. Get some exercise on most days of the week. By doing this, the blood sugar level is reduced and improves the level of blood pressure and cholesterol.)

  • Eat a healthy diet:

(Include foods rich in fibre in your diet.)

  • Avoid sedentary life:

 (If you want to avoid type 2 diabetes, keep your body active and avoid being sedentary.)

  • Do not smoke:

 (Smokers have twice the risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who do not smoke.)

  • Control blood pressure:

(Most people have normal blood pressure by exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining the right body weight. )

In some cases, a doctor may also have to take medicine to keep the condition under control. Before taking any step, please consider your doctor.

Natural Remedies for Type 1 Diabetic Patients

  • Drinking green tea is also beneficial; high amounts of polyphenols are found in green tea. It is an active anti-oxidant, which helps control blood sugar. Drinking green tea every morning and evening will be beneficial.


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